Wednesday, December 31, 2003

Writing the story of your immigrant?

Provide background for the emigration journey, using EPHEMERA.

Larsson's Maritime Timetable Images site: A collection by Björn Larsson of ship sailing lists, timetables, brochures and booklets describing the shipping companies and their liners. Use of the images on your website is allowed, if you credit Larsson and provide a link to his site. You will need to know the ship on which your ancestors sailed or the name of the shipping company.
(Shipping lines)

The Ephemera Society of America:

History of Postcard Types:

Genealogy Images of History:

Vintage Postcards and Genealogy:

Cyndislist - Postcards:

Postcards: - Worldwide, vintage

Start by doing what's necessary; then do what's possible; and suddenly you are doing the impossible. - St. Francis of Assisi

Tuesday, December 30, 2003


Recent Earthquakes Worldwide:

Seismic Monitor Map:

Earthquakes Worldwide in the Last 30 Days:

Hearing the sounds of the Earth:


How to USE Procrastination - Structured Procrastination:

Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. - John Heywood

Creating Simple Websites

The up-to-date copy of this post will be maintained at:

National Genealogy Society's Guidelines For Publishing Web Pages On The Internet
Recommended by the National Genealogical Society, May 2000:
Also available as a PDF:

HTML Tutorials and Validation

Elsie's Tutorials:

Help for the Beginning Web Author:

Writing HTML:


HTML Goodies:

HTML for People Who Want to Learn:

HTML Help JUST for Kids:

Webmaster Freebies:

Symbols in HTML:

Use Meta Tags Properly:

Image Formats for the Web:

A List Apart (CSS, design):

Graphics Sites for Website Building:

CSS & Browser Compatibility: ,

Free CSS Class:

The HTML Writers Guild:

W3C MarkUp Validation Service:

Backgrounds and Buttons:,

Free Search Engines
Atomz Express Search (ads, 750 pages max):

FreeFind (ads):

Fusion Bot (ads with results, no ads $$$):

Google (ads): (ad for

PicoSearch (ads, 250 pages max, more available $$$):

whatUseek Basic (ads, 1,000 pages max, more available $$$):

Free HTML Pedigree Chart & Family Group Sheet:
   Copy the code into Notepad, fill in your information, save, and upload to your site. Sample pedigree:

Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face. - Victor Hugo


The up-to-date copy of this post will be maintained at:

Our history has been greatly shaped by people who read their way to opportunity and achievements in public libraries. - Arthur Meier Schlesinger (1888-1965)

LibDex - worldwide directory of library homepages:

Libraries Online:

Library of Congress Gateway:


Libweb - Library Servers via WWW:

The Library of Congress (LOC):
  American Memory - more than 7 million digital items:

US State Libraries & Archives:

Family History Library (FHL):
   Advice for the First-Time Visitor to the FHL:
   Salt Lake City Library: Ready, Set, Go!:

DAR's Online Library Catalog:

California State Library - Sutro:

Newberry Library (Chicago):

Allen County Public Library (Fort Wayne IN):
Temporary location: PO Box 2270 - 200 E. Berry, Fort Wayne, IN 46801-2270
Phone: 260-421-1225  FAX 260-421-1386

New York Public Library:

The Internet Public Library (IPL):

Fiske Genealogical Library:

The Ellen Payne Odom Genealogy Library (Scottish research):

Collection of Genealogy Library Sites:

RedLightGreen helps you locate the most important books and other research materials in your area of interest, and find out whether what you need is available at your favorite library:

Do not trust your memory; it is a net full of holes; the most beautiful prizes slip through it. - Georges Duhamel, 1884-1966

Monday, December 29, 2003

Valorie's Genealogy Lists

The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained at:










* Clan-MacPherson:






* EmergingTech:








* Kammerer-Martin:




* MacQueen:


* Orme:

* Pfalz:


  * need list pages created

My Genealogy Message Boards:

Seek out that particular mental attribute which makes you feel deeply and vitally alive, along with which comes the inner voice which says, "This is the real me," and when you have found that attitude, follow it. - William James


The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained at:

History of the United States Naturalization Process:

INS - History, Genealogy and Education:

National Archives - Naturalization Records:

Pledging Allegiance - Naturalization Records:

Sample Certificate of Naturalization:

A Gold Mine Of Naturalization Records In New England:
   Index to naturalization records from 301 courts in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, & Vermont, available as NARA Microfilm Publication M1299, Index to New England Naturalization Petitions, 1791–1906 from NARA, and from the LDS as FHL US/CAN Film 1429671 - 1429787, 117 films in all. Consult the film notes page on the FHL Catalog for coverage of each film.
   The indexes to dexigraph records for New York City and Illinois have also been microfilmed: M1285, Soundex Index to Naturalization Petitions for the United States District and Circuit Courts, Northern District of Illinois, and Immigration and Naturalization Service District 9, 1840–1950. 179 rolls. M1674, Index (Soundex) to Naturalization Petitions Filed in Federal, State, and Local Courts in New York, New York, Including New York, Kings, Queens, and Richmond Counties, 1792–1906. 294 rolls. I didn't check the FHL Catalog for these series.

M1827: District of Columbia Naturalization Index, 1802-1909:

State Archives of Michigan Naturalization Record Indexes:,1607,7-160-17449_18635_20684---,00.html

Naturalization in NY State:
   Albany County NY:
   Declarations of Intent, Petitions Indexes, and more:

Kings County (Brooklyn, NY) Naturalization Index:

State-wide index to North Dakota naturalization records. Index complete for every county; more than 212,000 entries. Name, country of emigration, date of declaration of intention (first papers) or date of naturalization (second papers), county where the record was created, with volume and page number:

Finding US Naturalization Records (especially for New York and Illinois):

Rootsweb's Guide to Tracing Family Trees - Naturalization:

NARA: (Olive Tree Genealogy):

U.S. Naturalization Research and Records (

U.S. Naturalization Records (British Isles Family History Society):

$$$ Petitions for Naturalizations: (Search is free)
   Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusetts, Utah, North Dakota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Oregon

Book - They Became Americans: Finding Naturalization Records and Ethnic Origins by Loretto Dennis Szucs. Salt Lake City:, 1998. ISBN 091648971X.

The important thing is this: to be able at any moment to sacrifice what we are for what we could become. - Charles Du Bos

The difference between a geologist and a genealogist is that one digs in the dirt and sometimes find artifacts, while the other digs in facts and sometimes finds dirt.

Praying from the Single Eye of the Heart

from an email by Gregg Braden,
... A form of prayer that has no words, no outward expression, and is based simply in feeling. ... This mode of prayer invites us to feel the appreciation and gratitude in our heart, as if our prayers have already been answered, even if the world appears to show us otherwise.

From our heart, the feeling is the prayer! ... Gratitude and appreciation for the peace that already exists creates a "field effect"- in the presence of peace, all that can happen is peace.

This form of prayer is NOT directed at a place, person, organization, country, city or event. This mode of prayer does NOT attempt to "make" something happen, somewhere where we may not agree with what life is showing us.
As the bumper sticker tells us, Visualize Whirled Peas.


Discussion of Contemplation & Meditation by James Clair Lewis:

The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes. - Marcel Proust

Soul Wisdom, Common Sense

1. No one can ruin your day without YOUR permission.

2. Most people will be about as happy, as they decide to be.

3. Others can stop you temporarily, but only you can do it permanently.

4. Whatever you are willing to put up with, is exactly what you will have.

5. Success stops when you do.

6. When your ship comes in, make sure you are willing to unload it.

7. You will never "have it all together."

8. Life is a journey... not a destination. Enjoy the trip!

9. The biggest lie on the planet: "When I get what I want I will be happy."

10. The best way to escape your problem is to solve it.

11. Ultimately 'takers' lose and 'givers' win.

12. Life's precious moments don't have value unless they are shared.

13. If you don't start, it's certain you won't arrive. What are you waiting for?

14. We often fear the thing we want the most.

15. Everyone hears what you say. Friends listen to what you have to say. Best friends listen to what you don't say!

16. Yesterday was the deadline for all complaints.

17. Look for opportunities, not guarantees.

18. Life is what's coming, not what was.

19. Success is getting up one more time.

20. Now is the most interesting time of all.

21. When things go wrong -- don't go with them.

22. Sometimes the majority only means that all the fools are on the same side.

23. God can mend all broken hearts. You just have to give Hir all the pieces.

24. A person who asks a question might be a fool for five minutes, but a person who doesn't ask, is a fool forever.

25. A best friend is like a four leaf clover -- hard to find, and lucky to have.

26. A friend is someone who reaches for your hand but touches your heart.

27. I don't have to attend every argument I'm invited to.

28. Our eyes are placed in front because it is more important to look ahead than to look back.

Imagination is more important than knowledge. It is the preview of life's coming attractions. - Albert Einstein

Spirit and Life

Restoring Faith in Humanity... One Story at a Time:

Interesting article! How to Develop a Natural Spirituality without Taking from Others, by Joseph Bearwalker Wilson:

A Course in Meditation:

Pagan Search Engine:

The Internet Book of Shadows:

Mining for Crystal:

How to Make your own Incense:

Without leaps of imagination, or dreaming, we lose the excitement of possibilities. Dreaming, after all, is a form of planning. - Gloria Steinem

Sunday, December 28, 2003

Archival supplies

Hollinger Box Corp:
PO Box 8360, Fredericksburg, VA 22404

Genealogical Storage Products:

Light Impressions:
P.O. Box 787, Brea, CA 92822-0787.

Archival Products:
PO Box 1413, Des Moines, Iowa 50305-1413

Enduring Memories
7 Dogwood Lane, Willow Street, PA 17584
   Creative Memories - archivally sound photograph albums and scrapbooks

PO Box 4901, Syracuse, NY 13221-4901

University Products:
517 Main St., PO Box 101, Holyoke, MA 01041

Care of Photographs:

Salvaging Photo Collections:

The man is a success who has lived well, laughed often and loved much. - Robert Louis Stevenson

Friday, December 26, 2003


The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained here:

The Rheinland-Pfalz:

Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate) Genealogy Links:

Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany WorldGenWeb Project:

Hessen GenWeb:

Cemeteries of Rheinland Pfalz, Germany:

Pfäzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde:

Electorate Prince-archbishopric of Trier:

Westdeutsche Gesellschaft für Familienkunde:

State, municipal and church archives at Speyer, including central archives of the Evangelical and Catholic churches of the Palatinate:

Protestant Archives in Pfalz (Evangelischen Kirche der Pfalz): Email:

Archive in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland - Rheinland-Pfalz:

Trier-Roots Mail list:

Trier Tourism:

List of Trier Auswanderer (emigrants):

Joe Miller's Westphalia Genealogy Website (English & German):

Thomas A. Pick's Eifel Germany Birth and Marriage Data:

Pirmasens Genealogical Study Group:
  Which towns and villages belonged to which parishes?


The history of Saarland:

Veröffentlichungen des Heimatkundlichen Vereins Warndt:


Merzig-Wadern area - Vereinigung für die Heimatkunde im Landkreis Saarlouis e.V.:

From Etienne - Hefersweiler (zipcode 67753) is in the region called Palatinate (Pfalz), not far from the town Kaiserslautern. This region belongs to Germany, but was part of the French "Departement du Mont-Tonnerre" from 1801 to 1816.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Pfalz:

What is a Palatine?:

Official sites of the Cities & Towns of the Rheinland-Pfalz:

German Mail Lists:

From Mary Ellen Wilmoth - The Institut für pfälzische Geschichte und Volkskunde (formerly known as Heimatstelle Pfalz), 67653 Kaiserslautern, GERMANY. Phone: 0631-3647-303. email:; Hours: Mon-Thurs. 9-12 and 2-4; Fri 9-12. Pre-registration recommended. Huge index of emigrants from and immigrants to the Palatinate (about 750,000 names) and large library with genealogical and local history holdings.

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Pfalzisch-Rheinische Familienkunde (genealogical society of the Palatinate), Rotstr. 17 (Stadtarchiv), Ludwigshafen: Hours: Thu 2-6 or upon appt. (call 0621-523857). Membership includes quarterly, and 20% off society publications. Comprehensive collection of genealogies, family books (Ortssippenbucher), and local histories.

Landesarchiv Speyer, Otto-Mayer-Str. 9, Speyer. Pre-registration recommended. The central library of the Palatinate (Pfalzische Landesbibliothek) is housed in the same building; catalog: Useful local history bibliographies for towns and villages in Rheinland-Pfalz:

Landeshauptarchiv Koblenz:

Village Life in Kreis Saarburg, Germany:

Failure is the opportunity to begin again more intelligently. - Henry Ford

Finding People and Places

Geographical feature search in US & Territories (USGS):

Google Maps:,

People Finder - The Ultimates:
    queries, Infospace, Yahoo, WhoWhere, Switchboard, & Anywho

SearchBug: -- find people in the UK:

National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators:

Local stuff for 31 US cities, 11 international:

Some old City Directories:

Do You Have an “Urban” Ancestor? Check out that City Directory!:

Finding Living Persons:

Education is learning what you didn't even know you didn't know. - Daniel J. Boorstin

Tuesday, December 23, 2003


The MLA Language Map uses data from the 2000 United States census to display the locations and numbers of speakers of thirty languages and seven groups of less commonly spoken languages in the United States:

Too creepy for words - Tombstone Generator:

List of US Counties in Alphabetical Order:

Missing Money - Search for Unclaimed Funds:

Fits right in here -- Wikipedia:Unusual articles:

Genealogical Errors in Online and Printed publications:

Story of a wonderful slave diary (Adam Francis Plummer):¬Found=true

Cheerfulness keeps up a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity. - Joseph Addison, 1672-1719

Monday, December 22, 2003

Brick Walls? Maybe you need to go around....

Using Alternative Records:

Searching Alternate Research Paths:

Locating Your Ancestors Through Their Siblings:

What Do You Do When the Courthouse Burns?:

Relearning the Spelling of Your Surnames:

Using Burial Permits as Resources:

Birth Records, Old and New:

Funeral Cards:

Clues in Marriage Records:

Along Those Lines: Twenty-Five Places Where Your Family's Facts May
, by George G. Morgan:

More on PERSI:

The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. - Eleanor Roosevelt, 1884-1962

New York City Research

New York City Tax Photographs, 1939-1941
The City of New York has photographs of all the buildings in the city. You need the block and lot numbers, which can be obtained from the city maps at the Municipal Archives. For more information:

Brooklyn Genealogy:

Brooklyn Daily Eagle 1841-1902:

New York City Death Records Search 1891-1911:
   Explanation of the source of these indexes - New York City Vital Records Research:

Brooklyn Genealogy Information Page:

Irish in New York City:

Book The Immigrant Church: New York's Irish and German Catholics 1815-1865 by Jay P. Dolan - includes a ward map that shows where most of the Irish & Germans lived. Parish records are key to finding these nineteenth-century immigrants.

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. - William Butler Yeats, 1865-1939


The up-to-date copy of this post will be maintained here:

Surname Navigator: - SUPER way to do a quick surname survey

Another - ExpertGenealogy Websearch Wizard:

NEW! Linkpendium's Surnames - Web sites, obituaries, biographies, and other material specific to a surname:

UK Office of National Statistics database of surnames in use in England, Wales and the Isle of Man, September 2002:, also UK, 2001: You can leave messages on this site.

Namnsökning. Hur många heter...? - Statistik från SCB (Swedish Surnames & Forenames):
   Sök=search, efternamn=last name, förnamn=first name, båda könen=both sexes, kvinna=woman, man=man

You can use some of the general sites where you can search for surname distribution to pin down villages /communes for further study, if you are researching a relatively rare surname. Some of these sites for France are Notrefamille: (1890), GeoPatronyme: (1891-1915, 1916-1940, 1941-1965, & 1966-1990), and GeneaNet: (European GEDCOMS). The French Telephone Directories: or will do the same thing for surnames existing today.

World Telephone Listings:

All of Europe -

For US surnames, try Search the USGenWeb Archives:
   State by State:

Surname Research Directories - England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Isles:

Search most of the world - LDS FamilySearch:
   Largest collection of patron submitted and record extracted BMD data available anywhere in the Ancestral File, IGI, & LDS Pedigree File, plus the LDS Vital Record Index (some available only on inexpensive CDs). The 1880 US, 1881 English & Canadian census indexes can be searched there also.

Also, various Rootsweb searches can be found here: It may also be useful to search the archives of the Surnames list, although it is currently not working, because it was so busy and so structured, and mirrored the Surnames newsgroup: And don't forget the Rootsweb Surname List (RSL):

A fun search -- see how popular your surname (or forename) is in the 1990 US Census:

US Surname Distribution over time:

Changing Immigrant Names (INS):

Search for (or add) your Female Ancestor:

For derivations of surnames, try
   Derivations of forenames:
   Surname Meanings:
   Surname Meanings & Origins:

Also see Kate Monk's Onomastikon (Dictionary of Names):

Weaselhead, Devil and Drunkard: Surnames Originating As Insults - interesting tour of surnames we would now find insulting, profane, or puzzling:

Places to search for your surnames (GEDCOMs) -

WorldConnect at Rootsweb: (one can also upload and/or search from; however, there are fewer options for customization on the Anc side. Common database.) Worldconnect/AWT Submitter Surname Search: - Thanks, Randy!

Tribalpages: (one can password the files, or leave them public)

Pedigree Resource File (LDS):

Genealogy For You: ($24 a year, uses TNG - see Bible Family for display)

GeneaNet (lots of European GEDCOMs, uses GeneWeb):

Dave Wilks' free Gedcom server:


Family Tree (family tree descriptions, surnames):

Family History Books - BYU has scanned in 4000+ and put them online:

How easy is it for one benevolent being to diffuse pleasure around him, and how truly is a kind heart a fountain of gladness, making everything in its vicinity to freshen into smiles. - Washington Irving, 1783-1859


Scottish Archive Network:

Scottish Wills & Testaments:

The Scottish Universities - Their Libraries and Archives:

Probate in Scotland, 1500 to 1901 explains how best to search and use the online index to Scottish Probate records, from the earliest surviving records to 1901 at


Scottish Borders Archive and Local History Centre:

Borders Family History Society:

Old Scottish Borders Photo Archive:

General Register Office (GRO - registration of births, marriages, deaths, divorces, adoptions & census):


GenUKI Scotland:

Scottish Genealogy Society:

The Scottish Association of Family History Societies:

Scottish Words (glossary of archaic Scottish terms, modern Scottish words & phrases, terms used in law & property and possessions, such as wills and testaments):

(The Scots Magazine) WIRDS - Extend Your Vocabulary with our Guide to the Scottish Language:

Scottish Borders Heritage:

Scottish Borders Tourist Board:

Scottish Natural Heritage:

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland:

Historic Scotland:

See also Scottish Maps:

and Finding Scots:

Gazetteer for Scotland:

Scottish Toolkit:
Meeting place for people with an interest in Scottish genealogy, history and culture

Free Charts and Forms (PDF):
(Microsoft Word/ WordPerfect/ OpenOffice):

For every complex problem, there is a solution that is simple, neat, and wrong. - H. L. Mencken

Sunday, December 21, 2003


The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained here:

Both the US and English governments are committing to digitizing old newspapers now! US project: (millions of pages, 1836-1922, first images ready by 2006).
England: (2 million pages, 1800-1900)
British Library Online Newspaper Archive: (HORRIBLE interface, not accessible with Firefox, my browser of choice).

US and world current newspapers:,,

FREE, $$$ Newspaper Archives, most 1990+:

Foreign Language Newspapers:

National Newspaper Program:

Newspaper Abstracts:

Identifying and Locating Newspapers:

Newspapers and Periodicals through the OCLC system (Online Computer Library Center) participating libraries: More about OCLC:

Old Newspapers by State:






Colorado - Colorado’s Historic Newspaper Collection (CHNC):,


Illinois - State Library:
   U of I:
   Historical Society:

Indiana - Historical Society:

   Iowa Old Press:













Nevada: (in main catalog)

New Hampshire - Dartmouth College:
   NH State Library:

New Jersey:

New Mexico:

New York:
    Northern New York Historical Newspapers:

North Carolina:

North Dakota:





Rhode Island - Providence:

South Carolina:

South Dakota:



   Utah Digital Newspapers:




West Virginia:


Wyoming: (main catalog)
   many online here:

Time spent with cats is never wasted. - Colette

Language Translation

The up-to-date version of this post is maintained here:

Do you want to know how your surname sounded in German or French? Try AT&T's Text To Speech demo site. Type in the text, press the "speak" button and you hear the word or phrase you need to pronounce:

Google Translator:

Free Translation:

Free Translation Online:

French ( - powered by Systran

Links and Resources for Translators:

Online Dictionaries and Translators:

The Translator's Home Companion:

Voila Online Translator(French):

FranceGenWeb Translation Service:

Genealogy.Net Translation Service:


Translation Wizard: - Thanks for the link, Maria! This one will attempt to translate even passages in an unknown language.

English - German online dictionary:
and Wörterbuch Deutsch-Englisch:
German dictionary:
and Links to other free English-German online dictionaries and grammar resources:

English to Latin, and Latin to English Dictionaries and Translators:

Transcribe Group:
   A free service for people who have problems transcribing old German documents, parish records.
   Ein kostenloser Dienst für Leute, die Probleme haben alte deutsche Dokumente, Kirchenbücher; zu transkribieren.
   Un service gratuit pour les gens ayant des problèmes pour transcrire d'anciens documents allemands, des registres paroissiaux.
   Un servicio gratuito para las personas que tienen problemas para transcribir Documentos, Registros de Parroquias, etc escritos en Aleman Antiguo.
Transcriptions and Translations of German documents (letters, parish records):

For serious or extensive files, you may want to hire a professional translator. Jacques de Guise, professional genealogical researcher, recommends World Lingo as the "best automatic Internet translator on the Internet at the moment."

Hopefully, you will never need it, but for insults in 165 languages, Insult Monger:

Also just for fun - How to say "Oh my god! There's an axe in my head," in 112 languages:

Form letters: (Czeck and Slovak, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese and Spanish):
   Search Tab > Research Helps link > Sorted by Document Type link > Letter Writing Guide link, or (English, French, German, Italian and Spanish):

Deciphering Older Writing:

Be brave enough to live creatively. The creative is the place where no one else has ever been. You have to leave the city of your comfort and go into the wilderness of your intuition. You can't get there by bus, only by hard work, risking, and by not quite knowing what you're doing. What you'll discover will be wonderful: yourself. - Alan Alda

Vital Records

The up-to-date copy of this post will be maintained at:

FreeBMD - Civil Registration index of Births, Marriages, Deaths (England & Wales) - images now available!:

British Columbia Canada Vital Event Indexes:

Saskatchewan BMD Index:
   Births more than 100 years ago; Deaths and Marriages more than 75 years ago soon

US Social Security Death Index:
    Ancestry's SSDI:
Family Tree Magazine says: "Pearl Street Software, the makers of Family Tree Legends, launched a new free Social Security Death Index (SSDI) search engine at The SSDI, generated by the US Social Security Administration (SSA), holds valuable genealogical information—including name, birth and death dates, Social Security number and last-known residence—for all Americans who possessed Social Security numbers and whose deaths were reported to the SSA after 1936. Like other online SSDI search engines, Family Tree Legends' version lets you look for relatives by name and social security number and last residence. It also boasts two unique—and especially useful—features: an age-at-death search and a year-range search, which means you don't have to know the exact year someone died."(

New England Ancestors is now keeping a FREE up-to-date SSDI available:

Steve Morse makes it possible to search 5 different versions of the SSDI here:

Rootsweb's Guide to Tracing Family Trees -- Using the SSDI:

Public Records Online Directory is a Portal to official state web sites, and those Tax Assessors' and Recorders' offices that have developed web sites for the retrieval of available public records over the internet. For example, some Recorders' offices have marriage and birth records available online. Although not every county and parish has data online, many have home pages, and where neither is available a phone number has been provided:

Early Birth Records (197225 births):

Arizona births 1887-1928, deaths 1878-1953, certificates as PDF files:

California Births 1905-1995, 24 million records:
   (Username vitalguest, password enjoy, or use:
San Francisco, California Genealogy:
Nice gateway to Northern CA research:

Indiana Marriages through 1850:

Death Records Search:

Arizona Deaths 1878-1953:

California Deaths, 1940-1997:
   Los Angeles County Burial Permits 1870-1892:

Illinois Death Certificates, 1916-1950:
  Genealogy in the Illinois State Archives:

Kentucky Deaths, 1911-2000 (2,921,383 records) :
Kentucky Vital Records Project (79,869 death records; actual D.C.s online):

Maine Deaths, 1960-1997:

Maryland Deaths 1898-1944:

Michigan Genealogical Death Indexing System, 1867-1897:

Michigan Marriages (Dibean Michigan Marriage Index):

Minnesota Birth Certificate Index 1900-1907:
Minnesota Death Certificates, 1907-1996:

Missouri Birth & Death Records Database:

Montana Deaths:

New Mexico Death Index 1899-1940:

New York City Death Records Search 1891-1911:
New York State Vital Records:

Ohio Death Certificates, 1913-1937:

Oregon Historical Records Index:

South Dakota Birth Records:

Tennessee Vital Records:

Texas Deaths, 1964-1998:
  Texas Vital Records FAQ:

West Virginia Vital Records:
   Registration is required, but free; actual records can be examined

US Vital Records Information:

Public Record Locator:

It's always worth checking with your county or state of interest in USGenWeb, Often volunteers have births, deaths, marriages, cemetery, divorce, and other records.

Evidence and Sources--And How They Differ:

Vital Records in the United States:

Beware of Secondary Sources!:

Tombstones are Secondary Sources:

Each time a person stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring, these ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance. - Robert F. Kennedy


This great list is by way of my buddy Dianne, the Sunshine Native. :-)

Top 45 Oxymorons:

45. Act naturally
44. Found missing
43. Resident alien
42. Advanced BASIC
41. Genuine imitation
40. Airline Food
39. Good grief
38. Same difference
37. Almost exactly
36. Government organization
35. Sanitary landfill
34. Alone together
33. Legally drunk
32. Silent scream
31. Living dead
30. Small crowd
29. Business ethics
28. Soft rock
27. Butt Head
26. Military Intelligence
25. Software documentation
24. New classic
23. Sweet sorrow
22. Childproof
21. "Now, then ..."
20. Synthetic natural gas
19. Passive aggression
18. Taped live
17. Clearly misunderstood
16. Peace force
15. Extinct Life
14. Temporary tax increase
13. Computer jock
12. Plastic glasses
11. Terribly pleased
10. Computer security
9. Political science
8. Tight slacks
7. Definite maybe
6. Pretty ugly
5. Twelve-ounce pound cake
4. Diet ice cream
3. Working vacation
2. Exact estimate
1. Microsoft Works

When I hear someone say "life is hard," I always want to ask- "compared to what?"

Friday, December 19, 2003

German Genealogy

The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained at

Finding places in old Germany:

GEOserv (email process):

German Place Database:

Topography Keyword list with links to sources:
   in German

German Maps: (German & English):

Germany GenWeb:

Links for German Genealogy on the Internet: (in German; IRC chat as well as information): and

Evangelische Archives in Germany:


Passenger Departure Lists of German Emigrants, 1709-1914:

Emigration Lists of Hamburg, 1890 to 1914 (free to search for names, $$$ for complete results of birthplace, state of origin, etc.):

Emigration from/through Bremen & Bremerhaven 1920-1939 - Deutsche Auswanderer-Datenbank (DAD):
Bremen Passenger Lists 1920-1939:

French Emigration Indexes:

German History in Postcards:
   Click the "Translate this Page" link to see the English version.
Directory of several towns in the Rheinland state of Germany, including lists of births and marriages from the 1600s - 1800s. Some files have 15,000 records! Use Control-F (find) to search each set of records.

"The area covered is quite large, mostly west of the Rhein (Rhine) River up to Koblenz, Bernkastel, Bitburg, the Mosel Valley, over to Trier, and south toward the Saar."

Westdeutsche Gesellschaft fur Familienkunde e.V (in German):

Home page in English: or
- From an article in Rootsweb Review, quoting Jan Hart (12 July 2006, Vol. 9, No. 28)

Language Translation:

Deciphering Older Writing:

Naming customs in Germany and France:

Alsace Genealogy Lists:



European Research:

Don't wish it was easier, wish you were better. Don't wish for less problems, wish for more skills. Don't wish for less challenges, wish for more wisdom. - Jim Rohn

If it was easy... everybody would be doing it. - Will Rogers

Original Documents Online

The up-to-date version of this post will be maintained at:

Making of America
University of Michican:

  Education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology


Wildly cool - The American Colonist's Library: Primary Source Documents Pertaining to Early American History:

Yale Law's Avalon Project:

Federal Land Patents:

Search the Missouri Digital Library:

Documents of Tennessee History, 1796-1850:

Repositories of Primary Sources, Eastern United States and Canada:

Hundreds of links to Primary Sources, USA & Worldwide:

Online Collections at BYU - Family History Archive:

Ecclesiastical Sources for Slave Societies, digitized images of Cuban church records, especially concerning slavery:

No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main; if a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friends or of thine own were; any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind; and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee. - John Donne, 1572-1631 "Devotions upon Emergent Occasions"

Collected Quotes

A society grows great when old men plant trees whose shade they know they shall never sit in. - Greek proverb

When I despair, I remember that all through history, the way of truth and love has always won. There have been murderers and tyrants, and for a time they can seem invincible. But in the end they always fall. Think of it, always. - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869-1948

Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power. - Abraham Lincoln

Every society honors its live conformists and its dead troublemakers. - Mignon McLaughlin

I ask you to judge me by the enemies I have made. - Franklin D. Roosevelt

The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man. - George Bernard Shaw, writer, Nobel laureate, 1856-1950

It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt. - John Philpot Curran: Speech upon the Right of Election, 1790.

To put the world in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, we must put the family in order; to put the family in order, we must cultivate our personal life; and to cultivate our personal life, we must first set our hearts right. - Confucius

A blessing:
May you have enough happiness to make you sweet,
enough trials to make you strong,
enough sorrow to keep you human,
enough hope to make you happy.

Thank God every morning when you get up that you have something to do which must be done, whether you like it or not. - Charles Kingsley

Not what we say about our blessings, but how we use them, is the true measure of our thanksgiving. - W.T. Purkiser

If the only prayer you say in your whole life is "Thank you," that would suffice. - Meister Eckhart

A thankful heart is not only the greatest virtue, but the parent of all other virtues. - Cicero

Joy is the simplest form of gratitude. - Karl Barth

Fear of trouble, present and future, often blinds us to the numerous small blessings we enjoy, silencing our prayers of praise and thanksgiving.

The Wright Brothers

Links courtesy of Rootsweb Review, Vol. 6, No. 51, 17 December 2003

The Wright Brothers and their family:

Milton Wright and Susan Koemer, Parents of the famed brothers:

Milton Wright's Genealogy and English Roots:

Orville Wright in the 1930 U.S. census:

WRIGHT brothers
, Wilbur and Orville [1867-1912, 1871-1948], American inventors and pioneers of flight:

Do not go where the path may lead, go instead where there is no path and leave your own trail. - Ralph Waldo Emerson

Wednesday, December 17, 2003

Children, Poorhouses Records

Guardianship and Marriage Bonds:

Apprenticeship Records as Sources for Genealogy (England):

Finding Missing Children for Genealogy:

Guardianship Record FAQs:

Poorhouse Records by State (USA):

Mora County Guardianships, New Mexico, 1882-1885:

The Poorhouse Story:

The Victorian Poorhouse:

History of the Workhouse: Thanks for the link, Drew!

Tolerance implies no lack of commitment to one's own beliefs; rather it condemns the oppression or persecution of others. - John F. Kennedy